Every person has the inherent ability to perform certain activities. At school, some are primes in mathematics, another in history. The same situation is in sports, the thrower probably won’t beat a record in ski jumping. A big part of these predispositions is genetically determined, and their cognition allows for prioritisation in science or the selection of practised sport in such a way that it is matched to the needs and abilities of our body.
Musical abilities are described as natural inclination, sensitivity or talent for creating, perceiving and playing music. The huge range of behavioral, social and cognitive traits concerns musical abilities such as playing instruments, singing, dancing, arranging music and improvisation. The concept of musical talents hides many definitions. The basic include music, music memory, a sense of rhythm and musical taste associated with the assessment of artistic value in music. The combination of these abilities makes musical talents very diverse, as well as the determinative factors.
Many researchers say that the musical predisposition is influenced by all abilities and traits, both special (auditable and technical), as well as general (intelligence, attention, memory, etc.). In addition, inherited or congenital factors play a significant role. The study informs about the child's musical predispositions, because, as the scientists point out, man is not born to a musician, he is born only with greater or lesser abilities. This potential is referred to as musical talents and should be allowed for children to develop and shape these inherent abilities so that they do not lose their potential.
The musical predisposition is related to the AVPR1A gene. It encodes a receptor that mediates the effects of the hormone on the brain, influending many social, emotional and behavioral traits. The analysis of the studies in which children participated shows that different gene variants affect music memory, musical perception and listening to music.
Numerous studies indicate that musical abilities are intensely developing until 9 years of age. After this time the child enters a period of stabilized capacity and ends with the possibility of a significant influence on the child's musical development, therefore the diagnosis of musical abilities is recommended in young children.
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